What is composition of ORS?

asked Apr 28 in Pharmacy by sivannarayana (2,503 points)

1 Answer

answered Oct 3 by Cooper Davis (1,037 points)

ORS - Oral Rehydration Salts available in the form of packet. The ORS is helpful in the treatment of acute diarrhoea. The components in ORS are sodium, potassium, glucose and citrates, and are responsible for mineral rehydration.

Composition of ORS:

SaltGrams/Litre
Sodium Chloride2.6
Glucose Anhydrous13.5
Potassium Chloride1.5
Trisodium Citrate, dehydrate2.9

As per the WHO formula the electrolytes are given below

ElectrolytesmOsmol/Litre
Sodium75
Potassium20
Chloride65
Citrate10
Dextrose75

The total requirement of ORS is 245 Osmolarity.

In each sachet contain 4.40g powder sufficient for the water

Sodium Chloride I.P0.52gm
Potassium Chloride I.P0.30gm
Sodium Citrate I.P0.58gm
Dextrose Anhydrous I.P2.70gm
Excipientsq.s

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