The HIV is a dangerous virus Human Immunodeficiency Virus. It causes serious disease that is AIDS (Acquired immune deficiency syndrome or Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome). The HIV is a type of Retro virus (lenti viruses). This virus mainly lives in human body fluids only. The virus passed from one person to another person through following ways.
Through blood transfusion
Through mother to child during pregnancy and Breast feeding also.
Through sexual contact (Oral sex, anal sex and vaginal)
Through contaminated hypodermic needles.
According to research the origin of HIV was in west-central Africa. The virus can diagnose by ELISA test. It is blood test. If HIV has been found, repeat the test in several times for final confirmation. If early diagnosed the treatment was possible. After infection up to 3 Weeks to three months time required for detection of virus in test.
The virus is roughly 120 nm in size, round shape. These have single standard RNA coverd by conical capsid containing viral protein P24.
The HIV are infected to T-cells in the human body. Due to attach to immune cells leads reduce body immunity finally susceptible to various diseases.
Treatment for HIV/AIDS:
If the patient feel believed he exposed to HIV with in last 72 hours, then anti HIV medication called PET (Post exposure prophylaxis). It is done by using anti retro viral drugs.
The PEP is most demanding treatment it has some side effects like weakness, malaise, diarrhea and nausea.
After positive result of HIV, regular blood check up must be required for monitoring of virus load. The HIV treatment is done by anti viral pills taken on regular schedule, every time. The combination therapy was anti viral drugs known as HAART (Highly active anti retro viral therapy). Till the date there is permanent treatment for HIV.